上半年中国经济“成绩单”超预期 七大指标亮眼

中新网客户端北京7月16日电(记者 李金磊)上半年中国经济“成绩单”今日出炉,一系列指标尤为亮眼:GDP增速超预期;物价涨幅处于调控目标之内;收入增速快于人均GDP增速;就业形势继续稳中向好;居民人均消费支出增速加快;民间投资和制造业投资回升;经济转型升级取得新成效。

  资料图:一处刚建设完工的房地产楼盘。 中新社记者 张斌 摄

  上半年GDP增速超预期

  初步核算,上半年国内生产总值418961亿元,按可比价格计算,同比增长6.8%。分季度看,一季度同比增长6.8%,二季度增长6.7%。

  记者注意到,上半年GDP增速超过此前市场预期。 GDP增速连续12个季度保持在6.7%-6.9%的中高速区间。

  物价涨幅处于调控目标之内

  上半年居民消费价格指数(CPI)上涨2.0%,涨幅比一季度回落0.1个百分点,处于年初制定的3%左右的调控目标之内。

  物价呈现温和上涨的态势,这也说明整个市场供求基本平衡。北京大学经济学院教授曹和平表示,中国经济上半年给下半年开了一个好头,下半年物价预计会稳步运行。

  收入增速快于人均GDP增速

  上半年,全国居民人均可支配收入14063元,同比名义增长8.7%,扣除价格因素实际增长6.6%。

  国家统计局新闻发言人毛盛勇说,今年上半年,全国城乡居民人均可支配收入实际增长6.6%,和一季度持平,与经济增长基本同步,按人均计算,快于人均GDP的增长速度。

  此外,城乡居民收入差距缩小,城乡居民人均收入倍差2.77,比上年同期缩小0.02。

  资料图:正在参加校园招聘的大学生。中新社记者 骆云飞 摄

  就业形势继续稳中向好

  就业是民生之本。6月份,全国城镇调查失业率为4.8%,与上月持平,比上年同月下降0.1个百分点;31个大城市城镇调查失业率为4.7%,与上月持平,比上年同月下降0.2个百分点。二季度末,外出务工农村劳动力总量18022万人,比上年同期增加149万人,增长0.8%。

  毛盛勇说,从就业来看,全国城镇调查失业率连续三个月都低于5%,5、6月份是4.8%,这个水平是2016年国家统计局建立全国劳动力月度调查制度以来最低的水平

  城镇调查失业率下降,农民工就业数量增加,就业形势继续稳中向好,着得益于经济平稳增长的有力支撑,也是就业政策强力助推的结果。

  资料图:人民币。中新网记者 李金磊 摄

  居民人均消费支出增速加快

  上半年,全国居民人均消费支出9609元,同比名义增长8.8%,比一季度加快1.2个百分点,扣除价格因素实际增长6.7%,加快1.3个百分点。

  居民人均消费支出增速加快,这得益于就业形势稳定,居民收入稳步增长,消费也就有了更多的“真金白银”。

  民间投资和制造业投资回升

  作为拉动经济增长的“三驾马车”之一,投资上半年增速尽管比一季度回落1.5个百分点,但民间投资和制造业投资双双回升。

  上半年,民间投资184539亿元,同比增长8.4%,比上年同期加快1.2个百分点。制造业投资增长6.8%,增速连续三个月回升,比一季度加快3.0个百分点,比上年同期加快1.3个百分点。

  资料图:超市内,民众在选购食品。中新社记者 俞靖 摄

  经济转型升级取得新成效

  评价经济发展不仅要看增速,更要看质量和结构。

  数据显示,经济结构继续优化。上半年第三产业增加值增速比第二产业快1.5个百分点;占国内生产总值的比重为54.3%,比上年同期提高0.3个百分点,高于第二产业13.9个百分点。最终消费支出对经济增长的贡献率为78.5%,高于资本形成总额47.1个百分点。绿色发展稳步推进。从节能减排看,上半年单位国内生产总值能耗同比下降3.2%。

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